In order to support learning and dissemination of FSM solutions, a number of Fecal Sludge Management case studies selected from abstracts submitted to FSM4 Conference for oral presentation and from invited authors have been compiled. The cases studies were selected by the FSM4 program committee and authors were provided technical support to help document key lessons to be shared. The cases studies feature four initiatives led by private service providers; two examples of national FSM planning and execution, and 12 city-level FSM initiatives.

The compilation of FSM4 Case Studies is available here


  • _Asian Development Bank (ADB)
  • _Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
  • _BORDA
  • _Consortium for DEWATS Dissemination Society
  • _Eawag-Sandec
  • _GIZ
  • _Indian Institute for Human Settlement
  • _Indian Institute of Technology Madras
  • _Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India
  • _Municipal Administration & Water Supply, Government of Tamil Nadu
  • _National Insitute of Urban Affairs
  • _Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA)
  • _University of KwaZulu-Natal
  • _Water Research Commission
  • _World Bank-WSP